Diameter: 12-16 μm
Very fine: < 10 μm, Fine: < 20 μm, Medium: 20-50 μm, Course: > 50 μm
Staple length: 40-150 mm
short < 26 mm, medium 26-29 mm, long: 30-38 mm, extra long: 39 mm and over
Natural fibre colour: Brownish, ivory, grey colour
Microscopic Images (Cross sectional and SEM):
Amiri, Ali, Yu, Arvin, Webster, Dean, and Ulven, Chad. “Bio-Based Resin Reinforced with Flax Fiber as Thermorheologically Complex Materials.” Polymers 8.4 (2016): 153. Web.Caption:
Irregular polygonal shape with straight sides with narrow lumem
Outer surface shows lengthwise furrows, transverse cracks and swollen nodes.
Tensile strength (cN/dtex) :
Moisture regain (%): 12.4%
Flammability: Cellulosic fibres such as cotton, hemp jute etc. burns with a steady flame and smells like burning paper or leaves. The ash is greyish and easily crushed.
Flax plant requires less water than cotton
Very little waste from flax plant. Linseed oil is a byproduct of flax plant seeds.
Requires fewer pesticides, herbicides and fungicides than cotton
Apparel: Crisp, lightweight. Often blended with Viscose or Polyester
Furnishing: Tea towels, curtains, upholstery
Taylor MA, 2004. Technology of Textile Properties. Third edition. Forbes Publications, London, UK.
Zhong Z and Xiao C, 2008. Fabric composition and testing. In: Fabric Testing. Ed: Hu, J. Woodhead Publishing Limited, Cambridge, UK.
ISO/TR 11827:2012 Textiles — Composition testing — Identification of fibres.
Houck, Max M. Identification of Textile Fibers. Cambridge : Boca Raton: Woodhead Pub. in Association with The Textile Institute ; CRC, 2009. Print.