Type: Natural fibre | Classification: Vegetable fibres | Sub-classification: From stem

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Fibre structure & physical properties

Fibre composition:


Diameter: 14 μm to 27 μm
Very fine: < 10 μm, Fine: < 20 μm, Medium: 20-50 μm, Course: > 50 μm

Length: Staple

Staple length: short staple (1 - 5 mm)
short < 26 mm, medium 26-29 mm, long: 30-38 mm, extra long: 39 mm and over

Natural fibre colour: Creamy, pale yellow colour

Microscopic Images (Cross sectional and SEM):

Image source:

Malheiro, J. M. M, and Salvado, L. R. S. “Microscopic Study of Bacteria-textile Material Interaction for Hygienic Purpose.” Microscopy and Microanalysis 15.S3 (2009): 63-64. Web.


A rough surface and a round cross-section with a small round lumen and hallow centre

(CC) Sebastian Nordstrom
(CC) Sebastian Nordstrom
(CC) Sebastian Nordstrom
(CC) Sebastian Nordstrom


Irregular and broad with cross marks irregular distributed.

Fibre properties (Mechanical, Chemical and Thermal)

Mechanical Properties

Tensile strength (cN/dtex) :

Chemical Properties

Hydrophobicity: Hydrophilic

Moisture regain (%): 13%

Thermal Properties

Flammability: Cellulosic fibres such as cotton, hemp jute etc. burns with a steady flame and smells like burning paper or leaves. The ash is greyish and easily crushed.

Sustainability considerations

End uses

clothing such as shirt tops, pants, sock for adults and children as well as bedding such as sheets and pillow covers


How Bamboo Fabric is Made [1m 31s]
Bamboo Detective [2m 13s]
Bamboo Cloth Factory Process [1m 3s]

Materials using this fibre

Additional resources

Taylor MA, 2004. Technology of Textile Properties. Third edition. Forbes Publications, London, UK.

Zhong Z and Xiao C, 2008. Fabric composition and testing. In: Fabric Testing. Ed: Hu, J. Woodhead Publishing Limited, Cambridge, UK.

ISO/TR 11827:2012 Textiles — Composition testing — Identification of fibres.

Houck, Max M. Identification of Textile Fibers. Cambridge : Boca Raton: Woodhead Pub. in Association with The Textile Institute ; CRC, 2009. Print.